Globalisation: a vibrant process

Daily: The Nation
Date: 12.06.04

Globalization is a process of an intangible unification of countries of the world to develop a
‘Global Village’ in spite of presence of physical barrier of geographical boundaries. In other
words, the formation of a global village is a goal of globalization.

In its essence, the process commenced when Man started migrating from one place to
another for his own physical survival or for economic activity or for sheer adventure.
However, the process got recognizable in the post-Cold War era when the world got an
impetus of fiber optic and satellite (electronic communication) revolutions affecting civic
commercial life. This time the physical barrier was removed through a non-physical way.
Resultantly, an abundant and quick flow of information in transcontinental dimensions made
happen the process decipherable. Innovations in the means of mobility (transportation) also
enhanced the process. In this case, the physical barrier was evaporated through a physical
way.

Both the electronic communication (non-physical) and transportation (physical) have woven
a web of globalization owing to which the goal of global village encompassing time and
space seems achievable. That is why, it can also be said that globalization is a tertiary
effect of scientific inventions of which the prime focus is Man.

The path to a global village has vibrated the world hexagonally. That is to say, ideology,
society, culture, economy, politics, and ethics are the six main dimensions.

On ideological front, globalization has drawn divergent and disparate ideologies together.
The same can be visualized in the backdrop of the famous hypothesis, the ‘Clash of
Civilizations’, propounded by S. P. Huntington. This front has given a possibility of an
ideological confrontation. It is considered that the recent Middle East upheaval and the
September 11 event bear relevance to the same.

On societal plane, globalization has brought about social changes in a recipient society.
The well-known ‘triple F’ (Fast Food Family) phenomenon is a major manifestation of that.
This plane is perceived as a major threat to the societies that give value to societal nature
and structure, like the South-Asian societies.

On cultural aspect, globalization has incited every non-western culture to get westernized.
The renowned concept ‘the West over the Rest’ is an illustration of that.
This aspect creates a general pool of non-acceptance of the western culture especially its
immaterial form like liberal life style. This aspect seems quite unacceptable in the
conservative societies, like that of the Middle East.  

On economic facet, globalization has propagated Capitalism as a new force of global
economic life. Consequently, the notorious ‘poor-rich divide’ has ascended from the
national boundaries to the global level. Its promoter is considered to be certain institutions
like WB, IMF, and WTO. Similarly, the G8 and NGOs have also played their due role. The
transnational flow of investment as well as swarming of the Multinational Companies (MNCs)
around free trade option remains a prominent feature. Due to employment of cheap labour
from the developing countries, the costly labour of the developed countries has become
jobless. Various companies are also inclined to cut social benefits of the workers.
Moreover, the merger of the MNCs has caused accumulation of wealth in few hands and
prevented the global ‘trickle down’ effect. Europe and American continents are the major
areas of calling out hostile rallies as a sign of discontent to the same.

On political surface, globalization has challenged all the non-democratic systems and
offered them a reverberant idea of ‘democracy for all’. This idea is sweeping the world
swiftly except where a socialist school of thought is still strong, like few countries of the
former Communist bloc. On the same surface, the monarchical Middle East is also offering
resistance.

On ethical frontage, globalization has taught the legendary phrase: thank you for saying
sorry. Consequently, the civilized ‘Thank you-Sorry’ trend has become a preliminary part of
introduction of the once wild West. However, many western ethical values give a chance to
the Confucian countries of the Far East like China, Japan, and the Koreas to feel
threatened.

The aforementioned six dimensions have presented the world a new fold to reshape itself.
That is why; in any anti-globalization movement, all the dissident groups belonging to the
aforementioned six dimensions, individually or collectively, are the fundamental constituents.

Globalization provokes different antagonistic groups from different areas of the globe due
to different reasons. It seems that the theory of Evolution where ‘survival of the fittest’ is the
governing formula, is also active. In other words, Nature is poised to select which ideology,
society, culture, economy, politics, and ethics is the best to survive. The rejected one will
become a relic of history.

Man being dynamic in nature is attracted to novelty. Simultaneously, he is obsessive in
nature too. He clings to his ancestral and the owned values pertaining to any
aforementioned six dimensions. His obsessive nature keeps him stubborn to even accept a
change. Resultantly, he remains dissatisfied and disgruntled at the proposed or acquired
newness. That is how; globalization has also become a source of conflict on what to accept
and what to reject—to accomplish the job of Nature.

The inherent force (the tertiary effects of the inventions) in the process of globalization
leaves no room for opting out for any country. Each has to be a willing part of the process
and not the reluctant one. The process calls for ‘an open up’ and undertakes adjustments
related to all the aforementioned six dimensions in order to attain homogeneity—ideally.
Alternatively, it entails an accepted and agreed heterogeneity—a Man made effort—
wherever realignment is impossible.

Globalization is a vibrant process that bounds to integrate the world more in the coming
years— as technology progresses. It is to be understood that in order to achieve the goal
of a global village, while diluting the boundaries of the nation states, globalization enjoins
upon all the inhabitants of the world to be global citizens to ‘think global and act global’ from
the space engineering to the genetic engineering.

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